This week in North Dakota, health officials are shipping their first Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine to pharmacies and emergency clinics where people who do not have to have a regular doctor can get one stroke. In Missouri, doses are directed to community health centers and rural hospitals. And in North Carolina, health care providers use it to pack meat, vaccinate farm workers.
As Johnson & Johnson found evidence that its vaccine, although highly protective, was slightly less effective than the first shots made by Moderna և Pfizer-BioNTech, health officials feared Some Americans may see the new shot as an inferior choice. ,
But the first days of its spread offer something else. Some people want to buy it because they want the convenience of a single shot. And public health officials are excited about how quickly they can be delivered with a single shot, especially in vulnerable communities who might otherwise not have access to the vaccine.
“This is a potential breakthrough,” said Dr. Joseph Joseph Canter, a senior Louisiana health official. With its first doses, the state is holding dozens of large-scale vaccinations for John Onson և son Onson in civic centers and other public places, such as the one that works for flu vaccines.
As the production of son onsons և John onsons grows over the next few months, Canter said the filming will allow his state to cut staff երկրորդ operations costs associated with second doses. “The J&J vaccine brings a lot to the table.”
Judging by the extent to which it prevents serious illness, hospitalization և death, son onson և son onson shots are comparable to those made by Moderna և Pfizer-BioNTech. And although it has a low overall efficiency rate of 72% in the United States, compared to about 95% in others, experts say that comparing these numbers is not helpful, as companies have been tested at different times in different locations.
Son onson և John onson vaccines can also be stored at normal refrigerated temperatures for up to three months, ideal for distribution in non-medical settings such as stadiums and convention centers.
“There are times when this would be a really good option, or perhaps the best option,” said Dr. Matthew Daley, a senior fellow at the Center for Health Research at the Kaiser Permanente Colorado Institute for Disease Control and Prevention. Independent Advisory Committee on Vaccines.
Only 4 million doses have been shipped this week, and production delays mean that countries will start receiving significant supplies for at least a month. That’s why government officials see the first wave of doses as an opportunity to try different ways to deploy them.
Oregon Health Director Patrick Allen said the state’s first doses went to various locations to “see if we were learning anything about how to use it.” These included mass immunization sites in and around Portland, nursing homes, and pharmacies that are not included in the federal government’s pharmacy program. Health officials will evaluate the success of each of these sites in developing a larger load program.
Many state health officials said they were focused on getting the vaccine to people who had a harder time getting a second dose, such as the homeless or on the verge of being released from prison. In North Carolina, this category includes the state’s mobile farming communities with three- or four-week working seasons. State Health Secretary Mandy Cohen said the state’s large meat-packing plants, such as Smithfield և Tyson Foods, interested in the Johnson & Johnson vaccine, had consulted with their department.
And because the vaccine has fewer side effects than other versions, it is appealing to people who do not want to risk losing a day’s work to recover from a fever or chills. “There are a lot of people who like it,” he said. “I find it much more interesting now that you tell me I only have to get shot twice.”
“I do not think it’s an incomplete vaccine, so I’m taking it for myself,” said Cohen, who was scheduled to shoot Johnson & Johnson on Friday.
The vaccine has sparked outrage in small, independent pharmacies. Steve Hofart, owner of Magnolia Pharmacy in Magnolia, Texas, a small town outside Houston, received calls and emails from residents predicting his arrival this week. He said he hopes to hold son onson և John Onson’s events for teachers on March 13. Schools in the region struggled to find replacement teachers during the epidemic և there was a significant development of the vaccine, which does not require a second visit և more time. he said.
Team oys Stabner, who lives in Chilikot, Ohio, about 20,000 hours from Columbus, were the first Americans to receive the Son Onson և John Onson vaccine. Both were given general vaccine appointments over the weekend. But then on Wednesday they noticed that an independent pharmacy near them had received 100 doses of son onson և shot onson’s shot. The 68-year-old oyce Stubb is hesitant about needles, he liked the occasional approach.
Tim Stubb, 67, said he thought the vaccine was a better choice for health care providers, such as the pharmacy where he received it. “They have no resources, I do not think they are dealing with really hard-to-keep vaccines,” he said.
The states were able to partially adjust the distribution plans because the federal government did not specify where the vaccine should go.
This winter, as the Food and Drug Administration approved the onson և John onson vaccine authorization, federal vaccine officials argued that the shot should be used more concentrated, or in large stadiums, by a field of federal vaccines. Management agency or only in pharmacies, according to officials familiar with these discussions. But the White House chose to allow states to adapt their programs, as they did for Moderna և Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines.
While health professionals are excited about the potential health benefits of the new vaccine, some fear that public interest will wane when vaccines are in short supply. If a brand is chosen, some people may reject Johnson & Johnson as a lower choice.
This winter, Darel Gaskin, a professor of health policy at Hopkins University, and Rupali Limay, a university scholar on vaccine dilemma, advised hundreds of pastors. in virtual presentations, with an emphasis on the death of Son Onson և John Onson Vaccine Safety ծանր for the prevention of severe COVID-19,, including among volunteers of SC involved in the company’s trial.
Gaskin said it was very important for officials to focus on the benefits of the vaccine at the outset so that people “do not feel that there is a luxury vaccine and then a non-luxury vaccine.”
“We are facing inconsistencies with COVID,” Limay said. “How do we reduce inconsistencies?” We produce a product that is one dose, it is stable. ”
A member of Gaskin Church in Washington, D.C., Patricia Cooper, a teacher in Washington, D.C., said last year that President Donald Trump’s request for a vaccine loan, an “emergency permit,” prompted the federal government to rush to review the vaccine. : But he said he wanted to get vaccines, especially Johnson & Johnson.
“This one is more appealing to me,” he said. “Who likes to get stuck more than once?”
But Allen, Oregon health official, warned that using it in more specialized ways could lead to skepticism about its quality.
“If you start to get a little too clever about how to use it, you may be distrusting the other.” Well, why am I getting this vaccine? “And I am in this special population. People who are not in this special population do not get this vaccine,” he said.
Federal health officials have promised to use son onson և John onson vaccines, which can be used on unequal eggs. Dr. Marcela Nunes-Smith, chair of the Biden administration’s new health committee, told a White House news conference this week that the vaccine “should be distributed even in the communities.”
“We will look at biometrics such as the postal code and social vulnerability to see where vaccines are going,” he said. “And if some vaccines go back to certain communities, we will be able to intervene.”
Some government officials believe that combining new and old vaccines can help show that they are equally effective.
Allen said Oregon was making similar distribution plans for Johnson & Johnson և Moderna, as both vaccines could be refrigerated for a short time. The government treats the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine as a “special purpose” vaccine with stricter delivery requirements and larger vial packs that are more suitable for mass vaccination sites.
Said Onson և From John Onson և Modern vaccines, administering such eggs, he said, would help to avoid “justice issues” and possible concerns based on perceived differences between vaccines, some of which are real and some of which are not.