MEXICO CITY CITY AP (AP) – The Mexican president on Monday apologized for the 1911 massacre in which more than 300 Chinese were killed by revolutionary forces in the northern city of Torreon.
The apology is one of the last ceremonies when President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador tried to compensate for the ill-treatment of indigenous minorities in Mexico in recent centuries.
Lopez Obrador said the purpose of the apology was to ensure “it never happens again”, noting that the Chinese had been mutilated or hung from telegraph poles during that period.
“Discrimination was based on stereotypes,” Lopez Obrador said, adding that “these stupid ideas have moved to Mexico, where extermination, exclusion and ill-treatment have increased.”
Many Chinese workers emigrated to Mexico in the 1800s, in some cases to expand the nation’s rail network. But many set up businesses, farms, and even banks in Torreon.
In 1911, 303 Chinese men, women, and children were killed during the chaotic period of the Mexican Revolution, when Revolutionary troops overran Torreon to seal the fate of longtime ruler Porfirio Diaz. The loss of the city forced Diaz to resign and go into exile.
Like most racial killings, it was fueled by suspicion, hatred, fear, envy and lies. Torreón was a thriving railroad city, and its control was crucial to the railroad to the United States to the north. Some Mexicans murmured that the Chinese were hiring or pressuring wage rates. others envied the economic success of the Chinese community.
1911 Between May 13 and 15, the revolutionary forces took control of the city from Diaz’s army and once entered the city, slaughtering most of the Chinese population, although some hid or were rescued by locals.
President Francisco I. The revolutionary government that won Madero’s agreed to pay compensation for the massacre, but Madero himself failed in 1913, և the payment was never made.
“It’s one of the most aggressive moments in history, when those (racist ideas) turn into genocide killings,” said Coahuila Governor Miguel Ռngel Riquelme. Lopez Obrador, who usually praises the revolutionary movement of 1910-1917, said that the movement also expresses anti-criminal sentiments.
Historian Monica Cinco Basurto says the massacre is far from the only crime in Mexico. The looting of Chinese-owned enterprises, the deportation or forced eviction of the Chinese, often without them or Mexican citizenship or the citizenship of their children or wives, was widespread in northern Mexico until the 1930s.
Lopez Obrador was accompanied by Chinese Ambassador Qin Qingyao at the apology ceremony.
Mexico relied on Chinese brands for about 10.5 million of the 29.1 million coronavirus vaccine doses received so far, or about 36 percent of all staff. Hu Un said that vaccines and medical equipment from China “have left a strong mark in the history of relations between our two countries.”
Lopez Obrador said. “We will never forget the Chinese brotherhood during the bitter months of the epidemic.”
As in the United States, racism against Asian Americans has been an ugly thread in Mexican history. In fact, many Chinese came to Mexico because they could not enter the United States.
The 1882 China Exclusion Act was intended to prevent Chinese-American workers from entering the United States as a result of widespread xenophobia. The law made it illegal for Chinese workers to immigrate to the United States, limiting China’s population in the United States for more than 60 years.
It’s part of the Mexican president apologizing to those who have wronged him in the past.
In early May, Lopez Obrador apologized to a group of Maya natives in southeastern Mexico, mainly on the Yucatan Peninsula.
During the 1800s, Mayas was forced to work in sisal plantations as a slave. Sisal և henequen were fibers used to make rope. Some were even tricked into virtual slavery in Cuba’s sugar cane fields.
Tired of taxes and exploitation, the Mayans revolted against the government of Mexican settlers in 1847-1901, known as the “Castle War.” The uprising was brutally suppressed by government forces.
Lopez Obrador said he planned to apologize to a group of Yaku natives in the northern state of Sonora.
Perhaps best known abroad for their mysterious visionary powers attributed to them by the writer Carlos Castaneda, the Jacuzzis fought relentlessly against the Mexican government’s brutal campaign to exterminate the tribe in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
But they were largely defeated in 1900. ազ Diaz began to move them from their fertile agricultural lands to less valuable land or to virtual slavery to the Haciendas as far as the far eastern Yucatan province.