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The number of victims in Brazil exceeds 250,000, the virus is still spreading

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RIO DE ANNEYRO (AP) – Brazil’s COVID-19 death toll, which topped 250,000 on Thursday, is the second highest in the world for the same reason that its second wave has not yet died down. Prevention has never been a priority, experts say.

Since the start of the epidemic, Brazilian President Air Bolsonaro has ridiculed the “little flu” and cried out to local leaders for imposing restrictions. He said the economy must constantly murmur to prevent greater difficulties.

Even when he approved of epidemic welfare payments for the poor, they were not declared a means of keeping people at home. And Brazilians continue to stay as long as the vaccine starts, but they have proven to be much slower.

“Brazil simply did not have a response plan. “We’ve been through this for the last year, we don’t have a clear plan, a national plan yet,” Miguel Lago, executive director of the Brazilian Institute for Health Policy Studies, told the Associated Press, advising health officials. “There is no plan at all. And the same goes for vaccines. ”

Although the daily occurrences and deaths of other countries have fallen, the largest country in Latin America stands on a high plateau. A terrible repetition of mid-2020. In each of the last five weeks, an average of more than 1,000 deaths have been reported daily in Brazil. Official figures put the death toll at 251,498 on Thursday.

At least 12 Brazilian states are in the second wave, even worse than in 2020. This was stated by Domingos Alves, an epidemiologist who tracked COVID-19 data.

“This scenario is going to get worse,” Alves told the Associated Press, adding that the virus was spreading faster among the population. In the state of Amazonas, where the capital Manaus last month saw a shortage of oxygen to hospitals, more than 5,000 deaths were recorded in the first two months of the year, about as many as in 2020 as a whole.

Alves այլ Other health experts contacted by the AP say that the authorities continue to be reluctant to follow the recommendations of international health organizations to impose stricter restrictions.

It is up to the governors and mayors to block or restrict the virus. The state of S Պo Paulo և Bahia has recently introduced a curfew asking residents to stay home overnight. Experts believe that the steps are too late and insufficient.

“These are not means of restraint. “These are palliative measures that are always taken after the fact,” said Alves, who is also an additional social medicine specialist at the University of Sao Paulo. “Lockdown has become a curse in Brazil.”

In January, a prominent Brazilian neurologist, Miguel Nicolelis, warned that Brazil would either face a deadlock or “we will not be able to bury our dead in 2021.” He advised the Northeastern states on how to fight COVID-19, but recently resigned, refusing to give up the blockade, according to the newspaper Folha de S.Paulo.

“Brazil is currently the largest open-air laboratory where it is possible to observe the natural dynamics of the coronavirus without any effective inhibition,” he wrote on Twitter on Tuesday. “Everyone will witness epic devastation.”

There are some exceptions, but they remain marginal; they have not been able to inspire wider movement.

San Luis, the capital of the northeastern state of Maranhao, was the first city in Brazil to be completely shut down in May last year. It was successful, despite Bolsonaro’s efforts to break the restrictions, to cast doubt on their effectiveness, according to Governor Flavio Dino.

“It was very difficult to manage distance prevention measures,” Dino said, adding that the first obstacle was the economic and social barrier, especially after the end of the federal government’s emergency epidemic program last year.

Lago noted that Bolsonaro seldom even commented on the epidemic; in fact, he shifted to other priorities, including supporting congressional easing of gun control laws and conducting economic reforms. His administration is seeking to restore COVID-19 social benefits for a smaller group of needy Brazilians.

The only preventative measure that Bolsonaro consistently supported was the use of hydroxychloroquine-like treatments, which did not help in the case studies.

The Bolsonaro administration has also taken a practical approach to the vaccination campaign. It relied heavily on one vaccine to buy AstraZeneca, which was slow to come. National immunization efforts have so far been based on Chinese-made personnel from CoronaVac, provided by the state of Sao Paulo, although the federal government is now trying to buy the rest.

Successful Vaccine Programs տասն Decades of experience by Brazil’s large public health network have led many experts to believe that immunization, even if it started late, would be fairly quick. In previous campaigns, the 210 million people were able to vaccinate up to 10 million people in one day, health experts said.

Five weeks after the first shot, Brazil has vaccinated only 3.6% of its population. That’s more than double that of Argentina և Mexico, but less than a quarter of Chile, according to Our World in Data, an online research site that compares official government statistics.

“In case of lack of vaccines, it is impossible to be fast. That’s the key, “said Carla Dominguez, who co-ordinated Brazil’s national immunization program for eight years before stepping down in 2019. vaccinated. “

At the same time, the virus continues to spread throughout Brazil, suffering damage.

In the city of Araraquara, within the state of S Պo Paulo, there have been more deaths this year than at any other time in the past year, with the resuscitation department occupying 110%. Local authorities responded on February 21 by announcing a complete blockade, the second of its kind since the outbreak. ICU employment has dropped to 100% since.

—— MS writers David Biller contributed from Rio, and Mauricio Savares from Sao Paulo.

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