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Italy’s “epoch-making” rehabilitation program targets women, youth and the South

ROME (AP) – Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi on Monday unveiled a 222.1 billion euro ($ 268.6 billion) coronavirus recovery plan to parliament, aimed not only at helping Italy recover from the epidemic but also through “epochal” reforms to build old structures. problems: COVID-19.

Italy has the largest share in the € 750 billion ($ 907 billion) recovery bank, with a € 191.5 billion ($ 231.6 billion) six-year plan funded by the EU. The former head of the European Central Bank, Draghi, has been appointed to the post of Prime Minister to ensure that money is not wasted, as Italy has long had the worst record for the use of funds in the EU.

Draghi told lawmakers on Monday that the bill should not be seen as a mere set of numbers, but as a recipe for values ​​and priorities for a nation in the throes of an epidemic, a loss of livelihood, and a secure future for its children. ,

“I am convinced that honesty, intelligence, the taste of the future will prevail over corruption, stupidity and special interests,” he said.

The program makes a significant contribution to the Italian economy և modernization of bureaucracy և digitalization կայուն to promote sustainable environmental development. Both focus on the most important tourism industry, according to Venice, the Colosseum, the Amalfi Coast, which accounts for 13% of Italy’s gross domestic product, and its devastation due to epidemic closures.

Եւ Women ների youth employment options are a priority as youth unemployment exceeds 30%% Italy has long occupied the bottom of the EU in terms of the percentage of women in the workforce. More than half of the 456,000 jobs lost in Italy last year fell to women.

Here’s a look at some of Italy’s plans announced on the same day that most of the country began to break free from its latest coronavirus blockade by reopening museums, restaurants and bars.

Digital transformation և employment

About 27% of the plan is aimed at the digital transformation of the Italian economy և public administration, especially the expansion of high-speed Internet access in schools և to provide digital incentives to the private sector.

Some € 22.4 billion ($ 27 billion) is invested in “social inclusion”, women’s education, employment promotion programs, and helping cities improve the accessibility and opportunities for people with disabilities. The goal of both, combined with day care points, is to remove the barriers that have traditionally kept Italian women at home caring for the young, the elderly, the sick, and the disabled.

Involving women in the workforce, Draghi said it was “fundamental to the recovery of Italy.”

The draft envisages that Italy’s economy, which shrank by 8.8% last year, will grow by 3.6 percentage points above the base forecast without the 2026 plan, and its employment rate will grow by 3.2 percentage points.

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

The EU has demanded that at least 37% of its funding go to climate investment, with the bloc aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2050.

Italy’s program allocates 40% or 68.6 billion euros ($ 82.9 billion) to green investments և initiatives. Promotion of recycling, equipping of public transport systems for low-emission vehicles, և Reduction of water waste through improvement of water mains.

Calls plans to invest 31.4 billion euros ($ 37.9 billion) in improving transport infrastructure and extending high-speed rail lines across the peninsula, especially in the unserved south.

“In general, the south benefits from half of infrastructure investments,” Draghi said, echoing the saying.

EDUCATION AND RESEARCH

Among other things, the program aims to create more than 152,000 day care centers for newborns նախ 76,000 preschool children, addressing structural deficiencies that have long pushed parents from having children and women working.

Other areas for investing € 31.9 billion ($ 38.5 billion) in education and research include the distribution of dilapidated school buildings, making them more stringent, and redesigning the higher education curriculum to encourage more students to pursue higher education.

Italy has long been worried about brain drain. His brightest students pursue advanced degrees abroad, work, and never return.

It is assumed that young Italians will be the main beneficiaries of jobs created as a result of the digital-ecological transition of the economy, “they” will help to get more basic help in getting loans, prepayments so that they can buy their homes.

HEALTH

The structural weakness of the Italian national health system was fully demonstrated during the epidemic, when hospitals in northern Lombardy were overcrowded, and general practitioners were largely left to care for the sick as Italy became the epicenter of an outbreak in Europe.

The € 18.5 billion ($ 22.3 billion) investment in healthcare aims to strengthen in particular local medicine and preventive care by strengthening home care and telemedicine. Improving digital infrastructure aims to improve data analysis և connectivity across the system.

IMPROVEMENTS

Italy’s lethargic justice system և heavy bureaucracy has long been accused of encouraging foreign investment, as litigation, criminal proceedings can take years, and obtaining permits for anything can take just as long.

The reform of the justice system aims to reduce the balance of court cases by temporary leasing, while at the same time reviewing norms and procedures to encourage more mediation.

Other reforms are aimed at modernizing Italy’s old-fashioned government with the aim of increasing turnover to hire more young people, digitizing systems, simplifying permit procedures, and promoting competition, particularly in public services and utilities.

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