BRUSSELS (AP) – Iran և Tehran The main powers in the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) said on Friday they were ready to welcome a US return to the deal.
The group leader, including the European Union, China, France, Germany, Russia, Britain and Iran, said the participants “are aware of the prospect of a full US return to the JCPOA” and stressed their willingness to address it positively. joint efforts, ”citing the acronym for the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan.
They said they “reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining the JCPOA, discussed ways to ensure its full and effective implementation,” the statement said after their virtual meeting.
The group said it would resume further talks on a 2015 agreement in Vienna next week to “clearly clarify measures to lift sanctions and implement nuclear weapons.”
The statement added that the group’s coordinator would “facilitate separate contacts in Vienna” with all parties to the nuclear deal with the United States.
During a virtual meeting in Tehran on Friday, Abbas Araghchi, a negotiator with Iran’s state nuclear program, was quoted on state television as saying that “the return of the United States to the nuclear deal does not require any negotiations, the way is clear.”
“The United States can return to the deal, stop breaking the law, as it came out of the deal, impose illegal sanctions on Iran,” Araghchi said.
Russia’s ambassador to international organizations in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, said: “The impression is that we are on the right track, but the road ahead will not be easy and requires intensive efforts. Stakeholders seem to be ready for that. ”
Under President Donald Trump, Washington unilaterally withdrew from the deal in 2018, but successor Biden said the United States would be ready to rejoin.
But there are complications. Iran consistently violates transaction restrictions, such as the amount of enriched uranium it can accumulate and the purity with which it can be enriched. Tehran’s moves are designed to put pressure on the other countries in the deal, Russia, China, France, Germany and Britain, to do more to compensate for the crippling sanctions imposed under Trump.
Iran has said that before resuming the deal, the United States must return to its obligations under the deal by waiving sanctions.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has said that over the past two years, Iran has amassed a wealth of nuclear material, new capabilities and time to “improve its skills in these areas.”
The ultimate goal of the deal is to prevent Iran from building a nuclear bomb, something it claims it does not want to do. Iran now has enriched uranium to make bombs, but nowhere in the amount it had before the nuclear deal.
As part of the ongoing violations by the JCPOA, Iran last month began restricting IAEA inspections of its nuclear facilities. According to the last minute deal, which was worked out during the trip to Tehran, but some receipts were retained.
Under the interim agreement, Iran will no longer share surveillance footage of its nuclear facilities with the IAEA, but has promised to keep the tapes for three months. It will then hand them over to the UN nuclear watchdog in Vienna if the sanctions are eased. Otherwise, Iran has promised to delete the tapes, narrowing the window for a diplomatic breakthrough.