VIENNA (AP) – Iran և The five world powers that remain founding members of the 2015 nuclear deal plan to hold their second official meeting on Friday to discuss efforts to return the ship to the United States.
The delicate diplomatic dance, which began in Vienna on Tuesday, should balance the concerns and interests of both Washington and Tehran. France, Germany, Britain, China և Russia and Iran are still parties to the deal, known as the Comprehensive Joint Action Plan.
They are meeting three days after the Russian envoy said they had agreed to set up a nuclear-level expert group on lifting sanctions, which would presumably determine the measures to be taken by both Iran and the United States. to fully restore the agreement.
“Most likely, the meeting will not last long,” Russian delegate Mikhail Ulyanov wrote on Twitter on Friday. “The task is to calculate the work done this week and decide on the next steps.”
Although not participating in the JCPOA talks, the US delegation headed by Rob Malli, Special Envoy of the Department for Iran, was in the Austrian capital this week.
In 2018, then-President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew from the US deal, opting for a maximum-pressure campaign that included renewed և additional US sanctions.
Since then, Iran has consistently violated transaction restrictions, such as the amount of enriched uranium it can accumulate and the purity with which it can be enriched. Tehran’s moves are designed to pressure other countries in the deal to do more to compensate for the distorted US sanctions imposed under Trump.
US President Biden, who was vice president under Barack Obama when the deal was struck, said he wanted to return the JCPOA to the United States, but that Iran should withdraw its violations.
Iran claims that the United States broke the deal first by withdrawing, so Washington has to take the first step by lifting the sanctions.