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India’s electric vehicles face practical and technical obstacles

NEW DELHI (AP) – HS Panno, an independent contractor based in a large two-story New Delhi penthouse, had doubts when it bought its first electric car in September.

So far, he is satisfied with his gasoline maintenance savings, which have been reduced by more than half, but he is disappointed with the practical limitations of driving his Nexon XZ +. For starters this is a great way to get word out that your car is only 200 miles (125 miles) long, not the promised 315 miles (195 miles). And he can not drive out of town because of the lack of gas stations.

EVs are rare in India, where more than 300 million vehicles, most of them scooters and tricycles, are jammed on highways. The country is now making ambitious efforts to reduce what it calls “electrical mobility” to reduce smog. But the effort is fraught with technological and logistical obstacles, even for those relatively simple machines.

The segment of EV passenger cars can be potentially huge, but at the moment it is a deep place. During March, 25,640 electric cars were sold throughout the country, 90% of which were in two or three names. The total of 400,000 EVs registered in India in 2019 was less than 0.2% of all vehicles.

Panno has received a $ 1,770 discount as a government incentive to purchase its Nexon XZ +, an electric vehicle model from Indian automaker Tata. It cost $ 22,740, about twice as much as the most popular models of the gas company.

“It’s a good car, it’s fun to drive, but I’m still afraid of breaking the road through the discharge,” said Panno.

Officials see the EV as a solution to the streets of a city choking on deadly cigarettes, even though most of the heavily polluted coal-fired power plants generate electricity to charge them.

New Delhi, the capital of India, provides a number of subsidies to first-time EV buyers. EV is also exempt from tolls, registration fees, and other incentives to promote the exchange of old gas and diesel fuel for new electric vehicles. Nearly half of India’s 31 states have developed similar e-policies with varying degrees of progress.

The New Delhi government recently removed the Nexon XZ + և Nexon XM from its list of fourteen four-wheel drive vehicles. Reason? Their low range.

Tatan said that the 315-kilometer distance of the Nexon XZ + was checked by the official automobile research association of India. However, the real range depends on factors such as air conditioning, “individual driving style, the conditions under which the car is operated,” the company said in a statement.

The EV market is growing at an annual rate of 20% հինգ five major players dominate. Tata, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd., MG Motor India, Olectra Greentech Ltd. և JBM Auto Ltd.

Local automakers are slow to produce power plants and their parts, mainly due to a lack of demand. Those who have jumped are mostly relying on cheap imports, which has increased complaints about poor quality.

Last year, India raised tariffs on imports of power plants and their parts, including all possible expensive lithium-ion batteries. These other policies are aimed at encouraging domestic production, raising the quality, lowering prices to the level of ordinary cars.

Some companies, both domestic and foreign, have paid attention, and dozens of programs are being developed. Tata plans to build a $ 54 million lithium-ion plant in the Indian state of Gujarat. Japan-based Toshiba-Denzo-Suzuki has set up a plant in the western province of Gujarat to manufacture lithium-ion batteries for Maruti Suzuki և Suzuki automobile plants. Elon Musk recently announced that Tesla intends to set up an EV plant in southern India.

Mushumi Mohandi, head of electrical mobility at the Center for Science and the Environment, which makes a non-profit on sustainable development, says the lack of charging stations remains a major obstacle.

“In order for the supplier to work, the government will have to establish a standardized regulatory framework to control the quality of technology and safety parameters,” Mohandi added.

India seeks to follow the lead of the United States, Japan’s China, in developing its auto industry, which already employs more than 35 million people, directly or indirectly, with more than 7% contributing to the country’s gross domestic product. To repair the damage of the epidemic, the country’s leaders aim to double the export of cars and components in the next five years.

Efforts to increase EV usage are part of a global trend. Sales of such vehicles in 2019 increased by 40% from the same period last year, which is 2.6% of global car sales, or about 1% of all vehicles, according to the International Energy Agency.

But in the foreseeable future, the Indian EV market is likely to remain a range of electric scooters և rickshaws, valued at $ 1,200 to $ 3,680, requiring recharging such as passenger cars.

Ashok Kumar started driving an electric rickshaw taxi three years ago after hearing that the New Delhi government was offering subsidies. However, he never received the promised concession on his $ 1,770 electric rickshaw.

Every day, Kumar begins to realize that he only has as much time to work as he can before lunch. Then he has to hurry home to charge his car.

He says a five-hour charge takes 12 hours to charge.

“It’s absolutely useless,” he said of the electronic rickshaw as he waited for customers outside the subway station.

New Delhi, which currently has a population of 31 million, has only 72 active charging stations, of which 100 are under construction. It is close enough to a city that plans to have a quarter of all new vehicles sold, regardless of their size, being electric.

The worst problem is with commercial vehicles, which can not afford to stop during the day to recharge. Most private EV owners simply charge their cars at home, viewing public charging stations as a last resort.

Del Asmin Shah, deputy chairman of the Delhi Dialogue Development Committee and head of the capital’s Electricity Mobility Initiative, has denied the allegations. He said India needed power plants to improve the environment.

“We are just focusing on creating demand for electric vehicles. The rest will follow, “Shah said.

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