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In March, the number of single children reached the highest level of all time

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Washington (AP) – The U.S. government took in March 19,000 children traveling alone across the Mexican border, authorities said Thursday, the biggest date ever գրանց President Joe Biden’s biggest test as he changes his predecessor’s tough immigration tactics. ,

In the United States բարդ In Central America, a complex mix of factors contributed to this growth. It coincided with the Biden administration’s decision to release unaccompanied children from their epidemic powers, to deport most people immediately, and to allow them to seek asylum. Instead, children are released to “sponsors” in the United States, usually parents or close relatives, while at the same time being allowed to pursue their cases in the courts of a large number of immigrants.

According to U.S. Customs and Border Protection data, authorities met with 18,890 escorts in March, well up from 11,475 at the border patrol in June 2014 at 10,620, which released figures in 2009. Before that, Mexican adults made up the majority of those crossing the border.

The March count had nearly doubled to 9,457 unaccompanied children encountered by the CBP in February, more than five times as many as 3,222 in March 2020.

The huge increase in the number of children traveling alone, some of them as young as 3 years old, is extremely high in border guards, who are not allowed to hold people for more than three days, but often do. The government is struggling to find space and hire staff to take care of the children longer until they have sponsors.

For many, the storm in Central America in November brought an end to endemic poverty and violence that has forced people to flee for decades. Changes in US policy under Biden also guide their decisions, whether real or gossipy.

Guatemalan corn farmer Hermelindo Ak, barely enough to feed his family, was deported from Mexico to Rio Grande, Texas, with his 17-year-old son. Ak decided to send his son alone for a second attempt, knowing that unaccompanied children could stay in the United States. Ak, 40, said he would return home to Guatemala after selling the house to pay the smugglers. Was’s plan was for his eldest son to live with relatives in the United States

“I did not want to leave him alone,” Ak said last week in the Mexican border town of Reynosa. “Necessity obliges us.”

Amid rising numbers, more than 4,000 people were stranded at the CBP Holding facility in the 250-acre tent area of ​​Donna, Texas. They lay inches on the floor, the carpets covered with foil.

The CBP must transfer the accompanying children within 72 hours to the US Department of Health and Human Services, whose facilities are more suitable for long-term care while arrangements are being made for their release. Last week, more than 2,000 children were held at the Donna facility longer than that, more than 2,000 children, and 39 there for at least 15 days.

On February 22, HHS opened its first temporary detention facility in Carrizo Springs, Texas, and “subsequently” signed a number of agreements to occupy large areas near the border, including the Dallas-San Diego Convention Center and the San Antonio Stadium in Texas. , և Fort Bliss Army Base in El Paso, Texas. The department also paid for child ների sponsor flights to limit the time spent in government custody.

In all, the border patrol had 168,195 encounters with migrants on the southern border in March, the busiest month since March 2001, when it counted 170,580 arrests. The figures are incomplete, with more than half of last month’s meetings leading to deportations under Biden’s on-site epidemic, approved by former President Donald Trump.

People deported under the Public Health Act are much more likely to try again because they do not have legal action.

In contrast to deportations, persons arrested under immigration law can be imprisoned, prosecuted for serious crimes, double offenses, barred from entering the country legally through marriage or other means. Biden administration officials reported that 28% of March evictions were previously evicted, compared with 7% of pre-epidemic recurrences in the 12-month period, which ended in September 2019.

The CBP had 52,904 encounters with family members, with only one in three being deported and the rest allowed to stay in the United States for asylum.

Mexico’s refusal to accept families with six children in Central America because of a new law against the detention of migrant families has limited the effectiveness of deportations, administration officials said. Mexico is particularly reluctant to accept families with young children in the state of Tamaulipas, bordering the Rama Grande Valley, the busiest corridor for illegal crossings.

The means by which hundreds of migrants go to parking lots in Texas border towns such as McAllen and Brownsville are their final destinations in the United States. To save time, last month the Border Guards started releasing migrant families. US representative Henry Queller. Instead of appearing in court without notice, he instructs them to report to the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Office within 60 days.

In the last year of Trump’s presidency, the numbers rose sharply, but then accelerated under Biden, who quickly ended his predecessor’s policies, including one that forced asylum seekers to wait for U.S. court hearings in Mexico.


Spagat reports from San Diego.

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