I wanted Finn to be able to talk to me about all his fears and anxieties about the movement, and I knew that self-efficacy could help. It promotes open parent-child communication while helping children cope with peer pressure, both directly and indirectly. Research shows that when a child believes that he or she can withstand peer pressure, he or she is much more likely to do so, and later, he or she is more likely to talk to his or her parents about these episodes of peer pressure when they occur. On the other hand, children who do not feel they can withstand peer pressure are less likely to talk to their parents about the things they do outside the home.
Lack of self-efficacy is a risk factor for drug abuse այլ other negative health consequences, but when converted to the opposite և equal strength, a strong sense of self-efficacy, it can be one of the most powerful defenses we can give our children. Here are some practical ways: with which parents can stimulate children’s perceptions of their own self-efficacy և help children with low self-efficacy get back on track.
Start with yourself.
Model, model, model self-efficacy for your children. Start questioning your own claims with the words “I can not” “I can not” yet » then turn that perspective on to your children. It helps children to believe that ability is not innate, it learns և it is often difficult to gain.
Give children skills.
Praise alone will not give your child a sense of self-efficacy or competence. These things come from the real experience of trying, acting, failing, trying again, succeeding. Give children age-appropriate tasks that help them stay involved և challenged while giving them opportunities to taste success. Teach them how to cook from start to finish to see what they are creating. Encourage your teen to move the family car to the garage և fix that snag behind the line:.
Optimism is more than seeing the glass half full. it is a thought that has a very real impact on physical and mental health. Optimistic children are better able to cope with the learned helplessness, while pessimistic children are much more likely to give in to feelings of helplessness and are therefore at a much higher risk of suffering negative mental and physical health outcomes. According to psychologist Martin Seligman, author of The Optimistic Child, pessimistic children see obstacles as a permanent, pervasive fault of their own. Optimistic children, on the other hand, see failures as temporary, specific, and attributable to their behavior. As Dr. Seligman explains. “Children learn their pessimism in part from their parents and teachers, so it is very important that you model optimism for your children as a first step.”
Make failures specific, but generalize successes.
Encourage children to be optimistic, building on their overall success. If your daughter had a good day in math class, help her globalize that success. “Instead of ‘I did well in math class because I paid attention’, move to ‘School is going well because I do all my homework on time.’ Help her expand her success beyond one class or one day.
Be special in your praise.
General praises, such as “Good job.” It is useless when it comes to increasing children’s self-employment, because it does not make real sense. The purpose of the behavior is specific praise that reinforces the practices that you want to encourage, such as: Behavior specific praise describes the desired behavior, is specific to the child և offers a positive, clear, expression.
Do not overdo your praise
Experts in the use of special behavioral praise in the classroom recommend Praise 3. 1 or 4: 1 correction ratio, a ratio I have tried to maintain with my own students և children. I teach և I am a parent to older teens, but this guide is effective for children of all ages. Research shows that it not only promotes good behavior, but also creates a sense of community-positivity that helps children listen to our constructive criticism when it inevitably comes.