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Explanatory. The Supreme Court initiates a major abortion case

WASHINGTON (AP) – The Supreme Court on Monday agreed to rule on a major abortion case that could drastically reverse decades of abortion rights rulings and eventually lead to drastic restrictions on access to abortion.

It has been nearly 50 years since a court ruled that Roe vide ruled in 1973 that women have a constitutional right to abortion.

Here are some questions and answers about the case.


The case is a Mississippi complaint that the state is asking for permission to ban abortions in the 15th week of pregnancy. The state does not ask the court to overturn Roe v. Wade or later re-established cases.

But many abortion rights advocates are concerned that many abortion advocates are happy that justice can overturn their earlier aborted decisions. If the court upholds Mississippi law, it will be its ratification for a ban on abortion up to the point of viability when the fetus can survive outside the womb. Such a decision could provide a basis for further restrictions on abortion. It contains contraindications for abortion within six weeks after the detection of fetal heartbeat.


What happens if MISSISSIPPI wins?

If Mississippi wins, it will have to enforce its 15-week ban, previously banned by lower courts. In addition, other conservative states will certainly try to copy Mississippi law. The decision that states may limit the prevalence of abortions encourages states to impose more restrictions, which some states have already done that are already fraught with legal challenges. The challenges of those borders will continue.

That said, for Mississippi, the immediate practical impact of profits could be dampened. This is because more than 90% of abortions occur during the first 13 weeks of pregnancy, according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.


THE COURT IS EVALUATIVE. Is there a possible result?

Mississippi seemed to prevail, either because the judges agreed to hear the case first or because of the composition of the court. Conservatives have six of the nine seats on the court since the death of Liberal Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg in September and the replacement of Amy Connie Barrett with Conservative Justice.

Barrett, one of three candidates nominated by former President Donald Trump, is the most outspoken opponent of abortion rights in court in decades. Last year, two other Trump-appointed officials, Attorneys Neil Gorsuch and Brett Cavanaugh, voted against allowing Louisiana to impose restrictions on doctors who could close two of the state’s three abortion clinics.

Justice Samuel Alito is also expected to vote for Mississippi, while Justice Clarence Thomas holds the record for supporting Roe’s overthrow of Wade.


When will the public know what the court is doing?

The court has now completed its scheduled oral argument calendar and is making a decision before taking summer leave. The court will resume hearings in October, and the case is likely to be heard in the fall. The decision was likely to be made in the spring of 2022, during the campaign for the midterm elections of the Congress.



An April Pew Research Center poll found that 59% of Americans believe abortion should be legal in most or all cases, while 39% believe it is illegal in all or all cases. Eighty percent of Democrats say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, compared to only 35 percent of Republicans.


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