5.5 C
Munich

Ecuador and Peru will elect presidents amid a severe epidemic

LIMA, Peru (PP) – In Ecuador և New blockchain in Peru և Exacerbated coronavirus epidemic Many voters are largely indifferent to the names they will see on the ballot paper on Sunday when the neighboring countries of the Americas are established. elect new presidents.

No candidate in every nation has received enough support to be a clear favorite. After a year of collective suffering and corruption scandals, voters seem to be hoping for a winner who can pull them out of the economic turmoil of the epidemic with as little slippage as possible.

Ecuadorians are expected to drain Andres Arauz, a student of conservative businessman Guillermo Lasso and former left-wing President Rafael Correa. The winner will succeed President Lenin Moreno, a former Korean ally who turned against him during his term and does not want to be re-elected.

At the same time, Peruvians are facing a tangled field of 18 candidates amid years of political turmoil that has resulted in a number of presidents, even the entire congress, being ousted by corruption scandals. The leak in June is virtually secured. All seats in Congress are also contested.

The country is also among the worst affected by COVID-19, with more than 1.5 million confirmed cases and more than 53,400 deaths.

“There are no jobs, there are no opportunities in the village, so we are migrating to the city, many are already in the city,” said Hernaldo Karbachal, who came from the Peruvian suburbs to look for work in the capital Lima. “In my opinion, let the best man of the villagers and provinces win.”

Against the backdrop of the epidemic, Peru faced political chaos in November after a week in which it rotated between three presidents after Congress’s impeachment of a man accused of corruption and forcing his successor to resign.

At the same time, Ecuador saw an indigenous uprising in October 2019 that paralyzed the country for several days, forcing the government to back down from fuel subsidies.

Last year, an epidemic paralyzed 70% of entrepreneurs in Ecuador, bringing the country’s unemployment rate to almost 68%. The country was already in a state of economic slowdown, which began in 2015, mainly due to falling oil prices. Similarly, in Peru, the world’s second-largest copper producer, the economy plummeted when more than 100 days before the epidemic closed, nearly 7 million people lost their jobs.

In the February 7 election, Arouz advanced to the second round of Ecuador with more than 30% of the vote. A few days later, officials announced that Lasso was second in the final after gaining all the votes, կես about half a percentage point away from environmental և native candidate Yaku Perez.

Arouz is backed by Cuba, a former ally of Cuban Fidel Castro and Venezuela’s Hugo Chavez, who remains heavily influenced despite a condemnation of corruption that forced him to flee to Belgium, which Ecuadorian prosecutors are unable to reach. Arouz, 37, has suggested that wealthy people pay more taxes, withdraw from agreements with the International Monetary Fund, and find legal mechanisms to force the return of Ecuadorian deposits abroad.

Former banker Lasso has lost his last two presidential races. He is in favor of a free market policy մանը bringing Ecuador closer to international organizations. He corrected his previous conceptual messages since the second round by proposing special proposals, such as raising the minimum wage to $ 500, finding more ways for young people to enter the labor market, and eliminating tariffs on agricultural machinery.

But no matter who wins, Ecuador’s troubled economy will thwart any promises made to the people of 17.4 million where voting is mandatory.

“Arauz և Correa’s followers say it is a dispute over the neoliberalism և vision of a more public administration of state resources, which they call post-neoliberal,” said Carlos de la Torre, director of the Center for Latin America. Studied at the University of Florida, USA. “I do not know how much they can do with such depleted resources. “Honestly, it is a complete disaster. There is a lot of anger, a lot of restrained anger.”

Peruvians are also angry when they go to the polls. The long-running public health crisis has exposed existing inequalities, most recently when a list of former President Martin Viscara revealed that hundreds of wealthy, well-connected individuals had secretly received COVID-19 vaccines before anyone else.

In November, Vizcara was ousted by Congress for bribes he allegedly took from a construction company when he was governor. He was replaced by Congressman Manuel Merino, who held office for less than a week as widespread protests forced him to resign. The Congress then appointed Francisco Sagasti as President.

To win Sunday’s election, a candidate needs more than 50% of the vote. Recent polls show a leading candidate, centrist Yongi Lescano, at around 15%. She is followed by center-right George Lor Forsyth, conservative Rafael Lopez Aliaga, Keiko Fujimori, a powerful opposition leader, and the daughter of ousted former President Alberto Fujimori.

A Peruvian candidate has taken the time to talk about his habit of wearing a metal chain, known as an eyelash, to whip himself every day. One has asked Chile to return the Peruvian ship Huaccar, a 19th-century war booty held as a historical relic. But their plans to tackle the worst economic crisis in decades in an epidemic country remain unclear.

“It is possible that the epidemic was not the number one issue,” said Fernando Tuesta Soldiila, a political analyst at Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru. “It’s amazing because the candidates talked about everything, but we have the worst wave (of COVID-19 cases) – the highest rate of infection with everything that, unfortunately, lies ahead of us.”

___

Garcia Cano reported from Mexico.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here