According to a new federal data analysis, teens and teens who use marijuana և prescription drugs are more likely to be affected than young people who are taking the drug for the first time in college or older.
Research suggests that young people may be particularly vulnerable to the intoxicating effects of certain drugs, and that early detection may stimulate their brains to crave it. The results have repercussions for health policy makers, who in recent years have called for increased screening և preventive measures to reverse the sharp rise in marijuana evaporation among teens.
A new study published in JAMA Pediatrics ությամբ led by a team of scientists from the National Institute on Drug Abuse has tried to better understand how teens’ brains respond to a variety of fun drugs. Previous studies have suggested that early exposure to marijuana, nicotine, and alcohol may lead to the rapid development of substance use disorders. But the new analysis explores the wider network of nine different drugs, including opioid analgesics, stimulants, marijuana, alcohol, tobacco, cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine.
The researchers used data from the government’s National Survey on Drug Use and Health, which is closely monitored in an annual study that tracks substance use and mental health issues among Americans. The new study focused on two age groups. Adolescents 12 to 17 years old երիտասարդ Young people 18 to 25 years old. Alcohol was the most commonly used substance in both groups. A quarter of teenagers said 80 percent of teenagers. they used it. About half of the adults said they had tried cannabis or tobacco. But among teenagers that number was smaller. About 15 percent said they had tried cannabis, and 13 percent said they had tried cigarettes.
The most troubling thing for the authors of the new study was how many people started developing substance abuse disorders, which shows that their experiments have turned into addictions. The researchers found that 11 percent of teens became addicted to marijuana in the year they first tried it, compared with 6.4 percent of adults. Even more shocking was the fact that 20 percent of teens became addicted within three years of trying the drug for the first time, almost doubling the number of adults.
Adolescents who have tried prescription drugs are also more likely to be addicted. About 14 percent of teens who use prescription stimulants for fun have developed substance abuse disorders within a year, compared with just 4 percent of adults. And while 7 percent of adults who tried opioid analgesics became addicted immediately after taking them, the figure rose to 11.2 percent among younger users.
For alcohol և for tobacco, however, there was not much difference between the two age groups և. Both older and younger people had similar rates of substance use disorder. And for illicit drugs, such as cocaine and heroin, the number of teens using them was too small for researchers to make any meaningful conclusions.
One possible explanation for the findings is that young people who are more prone to addiction may be more likely to discover illicit drugs at an earlier age. But Dr. Nora Volkov, senior author of the new study and director of NIDA, said it was known that cannabis and other drugs could have a stronger effect on adolescents’ brains as they developed. Younger brains show greater plasticity or the ability to change than the relatively static brains of older individuals. As a result, cannabis-like drugs are likely to alter synaptic connections in the young brain, leading to stronger memories of pleasure and reward.
“It’s a learning process when you get addicted,” said Dr. Volkov. “It’s a kind of memory that goes through your brain with a hard cord. It happens much faster in a teenager’s brain. “
Studies show that regular marijuana use can affect a teenager’s cognition by weakening the parts of the brain that are involved in learning, reasoning, and attention. However, the growing popularity of e-cigarettes in recent years has led to a sharp rise in the number of teens clearing the state of nicotine and marijuana, a trend that has alarmed health officials. Some studies suggest that teens may try marijuana as more and more states legalize its use.
Dr. Volkov said that when states implement new marijuana regulations, policymakers need to work on measures to protect adolescents. He stressed that pediatricians հետազոտ dentists should investigate the use of drugs in their young patients by asking them about it. And he warned parents not to give up the use of marijuana among teenagers as a harmless thing.
“As far as marijuana is concerned, the drugs that were available when the parents were teenagers are very different from the drugs now available,” he said. “The higher the THC content, the higher the THC content, the greater the risk of adverse effects.”